Australia is the only country in the world that is also a continent. It is one of the largest countries on Earth. Most Australian cities and farms are located in the southwest and southeast, where the climate is more comfortable. There are dense rain forests in the northeast. Australia is one of the world's most ethnically diverse nations. Nearly a quarter of the people who live in Australia were born in other countries. They come from the United Kingdom and other European countries, but also from China, Vietnam, North Africa, and the Middle East.
Melbourne is the capital city of Victoria, and Australia’s second-largest city. Focused around a central city, Greater Melbourne’s region of approximately 9900 km² of suburbs spread more than 40 km to the south, 30 km to the east, 20km to the north and stretch across massive, flat basalt plains to the west. The municipality of Melbourne comprises metropolitan Melbourne’s innermost suburbs, including the central city. At the downtown area's is the modern Federation Square improvement, with plazas, bars, and cafés by the Yarra River. In the Southbank region, the Melbourne Arts Precinct is the site of Arts Centre Melbourne – a performing fine arts complex – and the National Gallery of Victoria, with Australian and indigenous arts
The city is known for its numerous laneways, its cultural diversity, incredible dining options for all spending limits, and astonishing street art. It's additionally known for being the coffee capital of the world, and for being normally casted a ballot as the world's most liveable city! Melbourne Cricket Ground, Queen Victoria Market, Eureka Tower, Melbourne Aquarium, Melbourne Zoo & Museum are the top tourist attractions in Melbourne
The Greater Melbourne section has a diverse agricultural sector. The most important commodities in the region based on the gross value of agricultural production were plant market, followed by poultry and mushrooms production. These supplies together contributed 39 per cent of the total worth of agricultural production in the region. In 2017–18 the Greater Melbourne region accounted for 97% of the total value of Victoria's strawberries production.
History of Research
Agriculture Victoria commences research and development in animal and plant production, chemistry, spatial information, soil and water science. We progress innovative farming systems that fetches economic value and environmental benefits in the temperate zone of south eastern Australia. We initiate revolution in science, technology and training through funding significant research, development, demonstration, commercialisation and change of practice. Our investigation aims to develop state-of-the-art farming systems to distribute economic value and environmental benefit in the temperate zone of south-east Australia, assisting food and fibre producers to increase competitiveness and minimise risk. The ongoing research in Melbourne also includes biotechnology, such as genomics, molecular plant breeding, gene technology and proteomics.
Agriculture Victoria organization undertake research in: animal nutrition, plant physiology, agronomy, environmental chemistry, nutrient cycling, carbon confiscation, soil health, water use efficiency, water quality, irrigation hydrology, hydrogeology, land use suitability and change, farm to catchment modelling, data management, visualisation, economics.
Top Agriculture research centres in Melbourne
Victoria State Government- Agriculture Victoria Centre
Australian centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences Centre- The University of Melbourne
Top Agriculture Institute in Australia
The University of Melbourne
The Australian College of Agriculture and Horticulture
Marcus Oldham College
Australia’s principal industries have a strong tradition of being innovative and adaptive to new challenges. They have established to be highly efficient and competitive in international markets. The outlook for the Australian primary industries sector is robust, with the world’s demand for food rising, driven by increment and necessitate higher quality and bigger sort of food.
Outlay in Research and development (R&D) and modernization is important for current growth and improvement within the productivity, profitability, Competitiveness and sustainability of Australia’s agriculture, fisheries, forestry and food industries. The Australian Government is providing $157.4 million over eight years to 2021–22 for a competitive grants program - Rural R&D for Profit - to deliver newest technology and applied analysis, with a stress on creating the results accessible to Australia’s primary producer
Agriculture backs roughly 3% of the GDP and employs about 4% of the total labor force directly. While the sector's involvement to the GDP is small, raw and untreated agricultural commodities contribute about a quarter of Australia's total export earnings each year. The circulation of agricultural production in Australia is largely determined by the physical atmosphere and weather.
Australian farming is characterised by large scale, tremendously mechanized and economical operations, one amongst the key reasons why a little share of the workers are used in this sector. Environmental factors have long been unnoticed within the production of agricultural commodities because of their importance to the economy. At the start of the twenty first century, however, Australia is forced to pay additional attention to the growing proof of environmental stress and degradation caused by farming
There are around 85,681 farm businesses in Australia, 99 percent of which are Australian owned and operated. Each Australian agronomist produces enough food to feed 600 people, 150 at home and 450 overseas. Australian farmers produce almost 93 percent of Australia's daily domestic food supply.
As of 2016-17, there are 304,200 people directly employed in Australian agriculture. The comprehensive agricultural supply chain, including the associated food and fibre industries, provide over 1.6 million occupations to the Australian economy.
The agricultural segment, at farm-gate, contributes 3 percent to Australia's total gross domestic product. The gross value of Australian farm production in 2016-17 was $60 billion.
Language : The official language of the Conference is English. All abstract submissions and presentations should be in English.
Melbourne TIME ZONE: Time zone in Melbourne VIC, Australia (GMT+11)
Melbourne has a moderate oceanic climate and is well known for its unpredictable weather conditions. This is mainly due to Melbourne's geographical location. Plan ahead with this information on temperature and rainfall. During August, average temperatures range from 8 – 16 degree Celsius, with 8 to 9 days of rainfall.
Australia’s unit of currency is the Australian Dollar (AUD), which has five denominations in paper money and six in coins.
Credit cards such as American Express, MasterCard and VISA are accepted in Australia. VISA or MasterCard are commonly accepted with American Express accepted at major supermarket and department store chains and many tourist destinations.
Goods and services tax (GST) is a broad-based tax of 10% on most goods, services and other items sold or consumed in Australia.
Generally, businesses and other organisations registered for GST will:
• Include GST in the price of sales to their customers
• Claim credits for the GST included in the price of their business purchases.
The Tourist Refund Scheme (TRS) allows you to claim a refund of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Wine Equalisation Tax (WET) that you pay on certain goods you buy in Australia and then take out of Australia with you or in your checked luggage or carry-on bags.