Agricultural engineering is the use of engineering concepts in agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering associates the disciplines of mechanical, civil, electrical, Food science and chemical engineering ideologies with a fact of agricultural principles according to technological principles. The main aim of this discipline is to improve the worth and sustainability of agricultural practices.
Track 1: Plant Sciences
Plant Sciences is the study of plant growth, reproduction, progression, and adaptation, as well as the use of plants for food and other purposes. Plant Sciences allow us to gain the expertise essential to proceed research and address many local, regional, and global challenges.
Track 2: Soil Science and Water Management
Physical and biological soil and water conservation practices are imperative to progress crop yield by enhancing soil humidity, conserving freshwater and controlling erosion occurred in a certain area. Soil and water management are always considered together. Soil and water are the two elementary resources which are under intense pressure from raise of population and deprivation has already set in at many ecosystems. These two natural resources administration greatly affect the social and economic structure worldwide.
Track 3: Agronomy & Crop Science
Crop science is the study of the world's major food, provender, turf, and fiber crops and their environment. It is a extensive discipline encompassing breeding, genetics, production, and management. Crop science also takes part in conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources of plants, insects and other invertebrates, and microorganisms.
Agronomy is the science of creation and consumption of plants for multidisciplinary use along with soil, crop and water management. Agronomy is now an important research field for scientists to study the behaviour of plant in different environmental conditions including climate, soil type and irrigation, fertilization etc.
Track 4: Livestock/Animal Farming
Livestock/Animal farming is an agricultural method to produce supplies such as food, fiber, leather, wool and labour by raising domestic animals like poultry, cattle, fish and other mammals. Pigs and poultry are raised intensively in indoor atmospheres. Livestock farming plays a key part in the agricultural business and economy of many developing countries.
Track 5: Agricultural resource management
Agricultural resource management basically undertake research studies on how competently the agricultural resources are managed in relation to productivity, profitability, and sustainability in the farming structures with the ultimate objective to palliate hunger, malnutrition and poverty of the inhabitants. Food crops, livestock and integrated farming systems receive central focus of many research studies carried out in this discipline.
Track 6: Agriculture & Biotechnology
Agricultural biotechnology is an area of agricultural science involving the use of scientific apparatuses and techniques, together with genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture with the aim to alter living organisms: plants, animals, and microorganisms. Advantages of agriculture biotechnology comprise improved yield from crops, reduced vulnerability of crops to ecological stresses, increased nutritional qualities & taste of food crops, decreased dependence on fertilizers, pesticides and other agrochemicals
Track 7: Agricultural machinery
Agricultural machinery means all machines, tools, vehicular implements and attachments that are used in the planting, harvesting, and care of farm products. These farming gears includes trailers that are used for the transportation of agricultural produce or agricultural production, agricultural tractors, threshing machinery, hay-baling machinery, corn shellers, hammermills, and machinery used in the production of horticultural, agricultural, and vegetable products.
Track 8: Nanotechnology in agriculture
Agriculture offers sustenance for humans, directly and indirectly. With increasing population, it is obligatory to use the modern technologies such as biotechnology and nanotechnologies in agricultural sciences. Nanotechnology will transform agriculture and food industry by inventing new techniques such as: Precision farming methods, enhancing the capacity of plants to captivate nutrients, disease discovery and control, survive environmental pressures and build effective systems for processing, storage and packaging. Nano fertilizers are the significant tools in agriculture to improve crop growth and nutrients, reduce wastage of fertilizers and cost of cultivation. Nano-fertilizers offer more surface area for various metabolic reactions in the plant which increase rate of photosynthesis and produce more dry matter and yield of the crop.
Track 9: Agricultural Economics
Agricultural section plays a strategic role in the progression of economic development of a country. It has already created a major contribution to the economic affluence of advanced countries and its role within the economic development of less developed countries is of significant importance. It is seen that accrued agricultural output and its associated productivity tend to contribute well to an overall economic development of the country, it'll be rational and suitable to put bigger prominence on more development of the agricultural sector.
Track 10: Crop Protection and Entomology
Crop protection is the branch of study which deals with the concepts in managing pests, plant diseases, weeds and other detrimental organisms that damage agricultural crops and forestry which in turn creates a major impact on economic value and agri-market. Insects are directly significant to humans as well. They pollinate our crops, they assist as food sources to many humans, they also provide products such as silk, honey, shellac and dyes. Entomology is not only focused on the agricultural area, it also can be beneficial for other fields for example textile industry. Entomology is the methodical learning of insects, a branch of zoology.
Session 2 :
Agriculture and Food Security
Access to good quality, nutritious food is ultimate to human existence. Safe access to sustenance can yield wide constructive impacts, including: Economic growth and job creation, food scarcity reduction. The idea of food security is commonly understood to integrate four main factors such as availability, access, utilization, and stability.
Track 11: Food Science
The science of food incorporates food science, food technologies, and their implementation across the food trade. The study of the physical, biological, and chemical makeup of food; and the concepts underlying food processing is basically called as Food Science. Practice of food science to the assortment, preservation, processing, packaging, supply, and utilization of safe food is known as Food Technology
Track 12: Emergency preparedness
‘Food security' would be factual when all people, at all times, have physical, social and commercial access to adequate, safe and nourishing food to meet their dietary requirements and sustenance preferences for an energetic and healthy life. The necessity to get access to wholesome diet, encompassing all essential nutrients and water, united with a hygienic atmosphere and satisfactory health services and attention to guarantee a healthy and active life for all family members has been defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as nutrition security.
Track 13: Post-Harvest Handling and Processing
In agriculture, post-harvest handling is the stage of crop production instantly following harvest, together with cooling, cleaning, categorization and packing. Post-harvest treatment mostly controls final quality, whether or not a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed foodstuff. The most important goal of post-harvest management is keeping the harvest cool, to avoid wetness loss and abate undesirable chemical changes, and avoiding physical damage like bruising, to delay decay. Hygiene is furthermore a vital issue, cut down the chance of pathogens that might be carried by fresh yield, for example, as residue from polluted laving water. This includes the technical learning of the physiology of living plant tissues after yielding.
Session 3 :
Agriculture and Environment
Even if farming is indispensable in sustaining human life, the methods related to it have been known to have certain influences on the atmosphere. The most prominent of these effects includes climate change, deforestation, pollution, and general environmental deprivation. Urban agriculture on a small scale can aid to localize food production, dropping the overall environmental footprint of our modern food systems. Benefits include lower greenhouse gas emissions, nominal transportation requirements, and reduced energy use for food production.
Track 14: Global warming impacts on agriculture
Global warming is an aspect of temperature change, refers to the long-term rise of planet's temperatures. It is caused by augmented concentrations of greenhouse gases within the atmosphere, especially from human activities like burning fossil fuels, deforestation and agrobusiness. Furthermore, warmer water temperatures are likely to cause the habitat ranges of many fish and shellfish species to shift, which could disrupt ecosystems. Overall, climate change could make it more difficult to grow crops, raise animals, and catch fish in the same ways and same places as we have done in the past.
Track 15: Climate change impacts on agriculture
The impacts of weather change comprise warming temperatures, changes in rainfall, rise of the frequency or intensity of some extreme weather events, and rising ocean levels. These impacts impend our health by affecting the quality as well as quantity of food we eat, the water we consume, the air we respire, and the weather we face. Agriculture and fisheries are extremely reliant on the climate. Fluctuations in the occurrence and severity of droughts and floods could pose challenges for farmers and ranchers and threaten food safety.
Track 16: Forecasting in agriculture
Harvest in agricultural practices depends on numerous exterior factors, which makes agriculture an uncertain business. The skill to reliably estimate crop production, yield and quality is valuable for economic scheduling and commodities forecasting as well guaranteeing global food security.
Track 17: New crops for a new climate
New crop variations are often referring to as a possible adaptation to climate transformation. However, only a few experimental studies have tried to quantify the benefits from cultivar differences under elevated CO2. Many research has been undergone to quantify the effect of changed degrees of heat tolerance in different crops under climate change scenarios in different countries. Fine-tuning phenotype characteristics of crops for future climate scenarios might require models that link phenotypes to their underlying genetics. With such models currently under development, it is necessary to spread the knowledge to the relevant field specialists.
Track 18: Agroforestry & Landscaping
Agroforestry is a thorough learning on a land management system that aids biological connections between forest trees or shrubs and agricultural crops and/or livestock. Through innovation to reduce pollution, control soil erosion, and enhance wildlife biodiversity, agroforestry supports to preserve species diversity and protect natural resources. The extreme research need is to progress farm-level analysis to upsurge potential economic budgets, benefits which in turn reduce hazards associated with agroforestry practices and increase the market value of products.
Track 19: Fertilizers and Pesticides
Nutrients vital for plant development are supplied by fertilizers, and pesticides destroy plants and animals which harm crops, which in turn helps to boost production. The most communal use of pesticides is as plant protection products, which in general protect plants from damaging influences such as weeds, plant diseases or insects. Agriculture conference provides an opportunity to researchers and scientist to explore the pros and cons of using these products in agriculture, and to gain knowledge about recent research advances in the field of Fertilizer and Pesticide.
Session 4 :
Greenhouse and Horticulture
Controlled environment horticulture (CEH) is the utmost recent and sophisticated method of greenhouse horticulture. As greenhouse horticulture includes the use of greenhouses and glasshouses, shade houses, screen houses and crop top structures, CEH is often interchangeably used as "controlled environment agriculture". Greenhouse horticulture is the growing the horticultural crops indoors, under or sheltered by constructions to offer adapted growing conditions and/or protection from pests, diseases and adverse weather
Track 20: Fruit and vegetable breeding
Fruit and Vegetable breeding is the art, science and business of improving fruit and vegetable quality and quantity for human benefit. Crossbreeding and discrete or family group selection have been used for fruit and vegetable breeding. Mass selection has been employed in primary seed production for maintenance of valuable family features if possible.
Track 21: Arboriculture & Floriculture
Arboriculture is the farming, administration, and education of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants. This field mainly focuses on how these plants grow and respond to cultural practices and to their environment. Floriculture is a fast-emerging key venture around the globe, especially as a potential money-maker for many developing countries.
Track 22: Seed physiology- Germination
Seed germination is a course by which a seed embryo matures into a seedling or starts to sprout. It involves the renaissance of the metabolic tracks that lead to development and the emergence of the seed root and shoot. The major factors which affects the seed germination processes are environmental factors such as temperature, light, pH, and soil moisture. Each crop requires different burial depth of seed which also affects seed germination and seedling emergence.